If you haven’t heard yet, this is huge news! The Ninth Circuit ruled that people in immigration detention (even those in mandatory detention) must be given a hearing within six months to determine whether they should be released. The ruling stands to benefit thousands of people in immigration detention across the Ninth Circuit, where an estimated 25% of people in immigration detention are held every year.
The Ninth Circuit today affirmed a lower court’s decision in a class action lawsuit brought by the ACLU called Rodriguez v. Robbins, which has been in effect since last November in Southern California. In fact, some of the people we visit here in Southern California who are in “mandatory detention” have been granted bond under Rodriguez. I just met with someone last week who would not have been eligible for bond otherwise.
We believe that Rodriguez should now apply to detention facilities across the Ninth Circuit, but the government could argue that the Ninth Circuit was only affirming a preliminary injunction in the Central District and that the decision is limited to that geographic region. CIVIC encourages everyone detained within the Ninth Circuit who meets the following requirements to apply for a Rodriguez bond hearing:
- You are currently in immigration detention in Arizona, California, Nevada, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Montana, Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, or the Northern Mariana Islands.
- You are currently fighting your immigration case before the immigration judge or the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA).
- You are subject to mandatory detention under 8 U.S.C. § 1226(c).
- You are probably subject to mandatory detention under § 1226(c) if the government is trying to deport you based on your criminal history. You are also probably subject to mandatory detention if you received a Form I-286 Notice of Custody Determination stating that you could not seek review of your detention from an immigration judge. OR
- You are subject to detention under 8 U.S.C. § 1225(b).
- You are probably subject to detention under § 1225(b) if you were taken into custody while trying to enter the country at the border or at an airport. You are also probably subject to detention under § 1225(b) if you received a document denying you release on parole.
- You have been detained for six months or longer by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
Here is a packet on how to request a bond hearing under Rodriguez. For Spanish, click here. These packets were created by the ACLU for people detained in Southern California, but the process is the same throughout the Ninth Circuit.
If you have any questions, please feel free to email CIVIC’s attorney and co-executive director Christina Fialho at CFialho@endisolation.org.
And here is a blogpost written by Michael Tan, an attorney with the ACLU:
On Eve of Immigration Reform Rollout, Immigration Detainees Win Right to Fair Hearing
By Michael Tan
Today the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued a landmark ruling that curtails one of the most wasteful and draconian features of our immigration lock-up system: the government’s practice of putting immigration detainees behind bars for months or even years, without ever holding a bond hearing to determine if they should be locked up in the first place. In Rodriguez v. Robbins, a class-action lawsuit brought by the ACLU, the Court upheld an order requiring bond hearings for detainees locked up six months or longer while they fight their deportation cases. The ruling stands to benefit thousands of immigration detainees across the Ninth Circuit, where an estimated 25% of immigrant detainees are held every year.
The government’s track record makes the importance of this ruling clear. The immigration lock-up system is massive and hugely expensive to American taxpayers. In 2011, the government detained a record-breaking 429,000 immigrants at a price tag of $2 billion, even though most immigrants do not need to be locked up to ensure their appearance for court or protect the public from harm. In many cases, the basic due process of a bond hearing would have prevented months or years of such arbitrary detention and saved countless taxpayer dollars.
One such person is Byron Merida. Byron has lived in the United States for nearly three decades, during which time he started several successful small businesses. All of his immediate family members are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents. Nonetheless, the government detained Byron without a bond hearing after it placed him in deportation proceedings following his conviction for a non-violent crime. The government continued to detain Byron while his immigration case wound through the courts, including his successful appeal to the Ninth Circuit. When Byron finally got a bond hearing as a result of our case, the immigration judge ordered him released on a $2,500 bond. In total, the government needlessly detained Byron for three years and four months—at a cost of nearly $200,000 to taxpayers. And Byron is not alone. According to the government, immigration judges have ordered the release on bond of approximately two-thirds of the people given hearings under the lower court’s order, making clear that the vast majority of long-term detainees can be released without endangering public safety.
Indeed, the Ninth Circuit specifically rejected the government’s claims that we need mass immigration lock-up to keep our streets safe. As the Court held: “Contrary to the government’s rhetoric, this injunction will not flood our streets with fearsome criminals seeking to escape the force of American immigration law,” but “provides individuals . . . a hearing where a neutral decision-maker can determine whether they might deserve conditional release from the prison-like setting where they might otherwise languish for months or years on end.”
As comprehensive immigration reform gears up this week, today’s ruling is an important reminder that meaningful reform must include fixing our broken immigration detention system—a system that wastes money, ruins lives, and violates our constitutional values.